The Greek astronomer Ptolemy, who lives in the second century, mentions the Lugi tribe and the town of Lugidunum, which some historians identify with Legnica. The first traces of Slavic settlement in the area of the present city come from the eighth century, where Legnica was the central stronghold of the Trzebowiec tribes.
The name appeared for the first time in the written document of Bolesław Kędzierzawego in 1149.
In 1241, the famous Battle of Legnica took place here, where Polish troops, despite the support from such knightly orders as Joannici and the Knights Templar, were defeated. In 1248, Legnica became the capital of the Duchy of Legnica, and in 1264 it received city rights under the Magdeburg Law. In 1329, Legnica became a Czech fief. Thanks to its location at the crossroads of trade routes from Germany, through Wroclaw and Krakow to Kiev, and from Wielkopolska to the South, trade and crafts developed. In 1675, the last Prince of Piast, Jerzy Wilhelm, died, which made the city come under the direct rule of the Habsburgs.
In 1740, as a result of the wars of Prussia with Austria, the city fell under the Prussian rule. During this period, the city became a garrison, including 7th Regiment Grenadierów them. King Wilhelm I. In 1945, Legnica returned to Poland.
In 1945-1993 in Legnica there was a Command of the Northern Group of Army of the Red Army, for this reason many monuments were destroyed to build facilities for the troops stationed here (urban layout and fragments of city walls).
The Piastowski Castle in Legnica is one of the oldest castles in Poland. In 1241, the building successfully defended itself against the Mongols besieging it. The princely castle in Legnica was in the twelfth and thirteenth century one of the two main residences of the rulers of Silesia.
Mausoleum of the Piasts of Silesia in Legnica – a mausoleum of the princes of Legnica and Brzesko at the church of St. John the Baptist in Legnica.
New Town Hall.
Old Town Hall.
Actress Anna Dymna and Marzena Kipiel-Sztuka known as the wife of Ferdynand Kiepski were born in Legnica. In addition, Tomasz Kot, Mariusz Lewandowski, a Polish football player, was born.
Photo gallery from 2011: