Gorlice, one is associated with the cradle of the oil industry – similarly to the nearby Jasło – with another one of the bloodiest battles of the First World War. And this city has one of the most colorful stories that can be associated with the foundation of the city.
The founders of Gorlice were a certain Karwacjanie – a middle-class family settled in Krakow, the roots of which most probably reach Italy or France. The first mention of it dates back to 1324, where they are mentioned as bankers and owners of Krakow breweries. Chronicles from 1320-1350 mention the names of three brothers Karwacjanów: Marcin, Piotr and Jekel. The founder of Gorlice – Dersław (Dziersław) and Karwacjan – was probably the son of Marcin or Piotr. In addition, Dersław Karwacjan is mentioned as the owner of several Krakow tenement houses, lead and silver mine in Libiąż, Trzebinia and the Janowice castle together with the village key. In the eighties of the 14th century, he received the office of the Sandomierz merchant. In the mid-fourteenth century, the family of Karwacjanów ‘was adopted’ to the coat of arms Zadora (Płomieńczyk) presumably by the Lanckoronski family (descended from a bourgeois banker family). Between 1350 and 1360 Derslaw I probably purchased from King Casimir the Great Gorlice with the key of the village: Glinik Marjampolski, Stróżówka, Ropica and Rychwałd. It was a period of intensified settlement action in Podkarpacie conducted on behalf of the King by ‘founders’, mainly of German origin. More about this extraordinary story can be read on the pages of Dwór Karwacjanów and Gładyszów.
It is really worth visiting this unusual city, although it does not have such a nice old town as Tarnów or Stary Sącz, but it undoubtedly has its own climate and charm, especially considering that from the south the city is surrounded by forests full of Low Beskids.
The following tourist routes begin or intersect in Gorlice:
* Green: Gorlice – Ożenna – from the railway station in Gorlice through: Wapienne, Magura Wątkowska, Nowy Żmigród
* Blue: Bartne – Szalowa
– from the PKP station in Gorlice via: Łysa Góra to Szalowa
– from the PKP station in Gorlice through: Magura Małastowska to Bartne
* Yellow: Gorlice PKP station – Bartnia Góra (mountain) – Bielanka – Miejska Góra – Ropa – Wawrzka – Florynka – Jamnica
* The black path from ul. Korczak – cemetery no. 91 – Stróżówka (cemetery route led like the blue trail).
In 1915, one of the bloodiest battles of the First World War took place near Gorlice, in which about 150,000 soldiers of both fighting parties lost their lives. There are dozens of military cemeteries in the vicinity of the city today.
Photo gallery from 2009: